This is an open access journal.

P-ISSN: 2006 – 1781;    E-ISSN: 2672 – 4278                  . ..published since 2008


Founding Editor-in-Chief: Bamidele (‘Dele) Oluwade, Ph.D., SMIEEE, MCPN, FNCS, FIMC, CMC, FSACK, Cert. Solar PVI (COREN/German BMZ/European Union)

Curriculum Vitae (CV)

The African Journal of Computing and ICT (Afr. J. Comp. & ICT.) publishes concise, technical, research and review papers on Computer Science, Information Technology and other related fields. The goal of the journal is to contribute to rapid  ICT and industrial development all over the world, in the African region and Nigeria in particular via the publication of topical and relevant papers from a theoretic/academic and practical/ industrial points of view. Interested authors should consult the “Call for Papers” page for  guidelines on paper submission and scope of the journal. Both hardcopy (Print) and online versions are available, even though the former is presently published in limited quantities.

Afr. J Comp. & ICT. is an open access journal whose content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. The journal welcomes submissions on a rolling basis. Permission is granted to distribute articles for non-profit, educational purposes if it is copied in its entirety and the Journal/Author is acknowledged. The Editor-in-Chief or Managing Editor should be notified if any article is to be so used. Submissions are welcome at:; (cc:;



The Editor-in-Chief of this journal will like to draw the attention of our teeming patrons that a case of almost 100% plagiarism of our published paper by another journal has been detected. The only significant changes made in the original paper are (i) Figure numbers were changed (ii) The list of references was re-arranged such that the surname of an author comes first, unlike the original paper where initials of an author come first. Even the title of paper appears exactly as it is in the plagiarized paper!

In September 2020, the journal was notified by the original authors of the plagiarized paper about the above breach of intellectual norm. Subsequently, the attention of the journal  which plagiarized the paper (i.e. publisher and editor-in-chief) was drawn twice to this infraction. So also were the authors and Management of the institution where the culprits are affiliated to. However, there was no single response to our complaints, not even an acknowledgement!

We are hereby publishing detailed information on the infraction vis-a-vis breach of intellectual property. We wish to say that has been notified about our observation.

Title of Original Paper: ‘Development of a Secured Watchdog Mechanism under Blackhole Attacks in Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks’.

Authors of Paper: I. T. Ayorinde, C. A. Fehintola and O. D. Adeniji

Journal Where Paper Was Originally Published: African Journal of Computing & ICT, Vol. 12, No. 3, pp. 85-92, September 2019 (Nigeria/South Africa); P-ISSN 2006-1781; E-ISSN [Record in the journal’s database shows that the paper was first submitted to the journal on 8th May, 2019; the final revised version was received on 7th July, 2019 while it was accepted via an acceptance letter on 10th July, 2019].

Institution of Affiliation of Original Authors of Paper: Department of Computer Science, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.


Title of Re-Published Paper: ‘Development of a Secured Watchdog Mechanism under Blackhole Attacks in Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks’

Authors who Plagiarized the Original Paper: Denise Konrad and Alexander Hanna

Institution of Affiliation of Authors who Re-Published Original Paper: Department of Computer Science, Technical University Berlin Strasse Des 17, Juni 135 10623 Berlin, Germany.

Journal Where Paper Was Re-Published: International Journal of Computing, Programming and Database Management, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 18-21, 2020 (Bangladesh/India);; P-ISSN 2707-6636; E-ISSN 2707-6644 [According to the first page of the re-published paper as it appears in the journal, the paper was received by the journal on 10th November, 2019 and accepted on 12th December, 2019]

Editor-in-Chief of Journal which Re-Published Paper: Dr. R. Narendran, Professor, Department of Computer Science, Malaviya National Institute of Technology, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.






Vol. 11, No. 1, March 2018

Vol. 11, No. 2, June 2018

Vol. 11, No. 3, September 2018

Vol. 11, No. 4, December 2018


Vol. 10, Nos. 1 and 2 (Combined), 2017.


Vol. 9, Nos. 1 and 2 (Combined), 2016.


Vol. 8, No. 4, December 2015.

Vol. 8, No. 3, Issue 2, October 2015.

Vol. 8, No. 3, September 2015.

Vol. 8, No. 2, Issue 2, August 2015.

Vol. 8, No. 2, June 2015.

Vol. 8, No. 1, Issue 2, May 2015.
Vol. 8, No. 1, March 2015.


Vol. 7, No. 5, December 2014.
Vol. 7, No. 4, October 2014.
Vol. 7, No. 3, September 2014.
Vol. 7, No. 2, June 2014.
Vol. 7, No. 1, March 2014.


Vol. 6, No. 5, December 2013.
Vol. 6, No. 4, October 2013.
Vol. 6, No. 3, September 2013.
Vol. 6, No. 2, June 2013.
Vol. 6, No. 1, March 2013.


Vol. 5, No. 6, December 2012.

Vol. 5, No. 5, September 2012.

Vol. 5, No. 4, (Special) Issue 2, 2012.

Vol. 5, No. 4, June 2012.
Vol. 5, No. 3, May 2012.
Vol 5, No. 2, March 2012.
Vol. 5, No. 1, January 2012.


Vol. 4, No. 3, Issue 2, December 2011.

Vol. 4, No. 3, November 2011.
Vol. 4, No. 2, Issue 2, October 2011.
Vol. 4, No. 2, Issue 1, September 2011.
Vol. 4, No. 1, June 2011


Vol. 3, No. 2, December 2010 (Combined Edition).

Vol. 3, No. 1, June 2010 (Combined Edition).


Vol. 2, No. 2, December 2009.

Vol. 2, No. 1, June 2009.


Vol. 1, No. 2, December 2008.

Vol. 1, No. 1, June 2008.









































































































































































































































VOL. 16, NO, 1, MARCH/JUNE 2023 & VOL. 16, NO. 2, SEPTEMBER/DECEMBER 2023

Paper: A Hybrid Identity-based Encryption: A Modest Countermeasure for Device-to-Device (D2D) Illegal Digital File Sharing

Leonard Ume and Madubuchukwu John Orie

Department of Computer Science and Robotics Education, Federal College of Education (Technical), Omoku, Rivers State, Nigeria.

Download Article

Paper: Factors Affecting Poor Performance in Programming Courses in Nigerian Universities: A Case Study of Students in Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State, Nigeria

Matthew Odighi1, Momoh Besiru2 and Rebecca Imhanlahim3

1Computer Science Department, Federal Polytechnic, Auchi, Edo State, Nigeria

2Statistics Department, Federal Polytechnic, Auchi, Edo State, Nigeria.
3Computer Science Department, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State, Nigeria.

Download Article

Paper: Utilizing Online Databases as a 21st Century Learning Tool for Research Advancement

John O. Ugah1, Lebechi E. Ariom2  and Ugochukwu Onwudebelu3

1,2Department of Computer Science, Ebonyi State University, P.M.B. 053, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria.

3Department of Computer Science/Informatics, Alex Ekwueme Federal University Ndufu Alike (FUNAI), P. M. B. 1010, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria.

Download Article